Digestive Patho Exam 4
Anabolic processes tend toward "building up" organs and tissues. What is the initial pathological change in alcoholic liver disease? Fatty acid metabolism Fatty acid degradation Beta oxidation Fatty acid synthesis. It causes the uptake of glucose from the blood by cells in the liver, muscle, and fat tissue.
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What would be the result of chronic bleeding from gastric carcinoma? What is the dietary requirement for a child with celiac disease? What is the likely effect of long-term exposure to a hepatotoxin? Carbohydrates undergo anabolism and catabolism, the two main processes of metabolism. The omentum walls off the inflamed area. Each process has its own set of hormones that switch these processes on and off.
Liver failure is in progress. The usual prolonged recovery from any viral infection is occurring. What is the most common type of hepatitis transmitted by blood transfusion? What is the likely effect of long-term exposure to a hepatotoxin? What indicates the presence of third-stage alcohol hepatitis?
ULQ tenderness and dull pain c. A primary factor causing encephalopathy with cirrhosis is the elevated: In patients with cirrhosis, serum ammonia may increase when: What is the primary cause of esophageal varices? What is the primary cause of increased bleeding tendencies associated with cirrhosis? Which factors contribute to ascites in patients with cirrhosis?
Which of the following is a major cause of primary hepatocellular cancer? What causes massive inflammation and necrosis in acute pancreatitis? How does chemical peritonitis and shock frequently result from acute pancreatitis? Inflammation and increased vascular permeability of the peritoneum affect fluid balance. Erosions in the intestinal wall causes release of bacteria. Fat necrosis and hypocalcemia develop. Secretions from the pancreas and intestine become more acidic.
Malnutrition may develop in children with celiac disease because of: Which of the following best describes steatorrhea? What is the dietary requirement for a child with celiac disease? What are the typical changes occurring with Crohn's disease? Stools that are more liquid and contain mucus, frank blood, and pus are typical of: How may a fistula form with Crohn's disease?
How does iron-deficiency anemia frequently develop with ulcerative colitis? What is the cause of inflammatory bowel disease? What pain is typical of diverticulitis? What usually initiates acute appendicitis? With acute appendicitis, localized pain and tenderness in the lower right quadrant results from: How does localized peritonitis develop from acute appendicitis before rupture?
The omentum walls off the inflamed area. Intestinal bacteria escape through the necrotic appendiceal wall. The obstructing object inside the appendix perforates the wall. Bacteria escape into the circulating blood.
What is a typical early sign of cancer in the ascending colon? To which site does colon cancer usually first metastasize? How does a volvulus cause localized gangrene in the intestine? Hypotension and shock causes ischemia. The mesenteric arteries are compressed in the twisted section of intestine. A section of intestine herniates between the muscles of the abdominal wall.
The distention of the intestinal wall causes increased permeability of the tissue. Which of the following is a typical indicator of an intestinal obstruction caused by paralytic ileus? Partial obstruction of the sigmoid colon resulting from diverticular disease would likely: What causes hypovolemic shock to develop with intestinal obstruction? What causes the characteristic rigid abdomen found in the patient with peritonitis?
What would be the likely outcome from chemical peritonitis related to a perforated gall bladder? How does pelvic inflammatory disease frequently lead to bacterial peritonitis? Chemical irritation by excessive ovarian and uterine secretions causes inflammation. Ulceration and perforation of the uterus allows the bacteria to spread. Infection spreads through the fallopian tubes directly into the peritoneal cavity. Gangrene in the uterine wall spreads through into the pelvic cavity.
Choose the significant change in arterial blood gases expected with prolonged severe vomiting: When dehydration reduces the compensation possible for acidosis resulting from prolonged diarrhea, what significant change in arterial blood gases indicates this?
How do body defenses respond immediately after the gall bladder ruptures? A localized inflammatory response occurs. The omentum and peritoneum seal off the area. Blood clots seal the perforation. Dehydration limits compensation available for an acid-base imbalance resulting from prolonged vomiting and diarrhea because: Which of the following is the most frequent location of peptic ulcers?
In peptic ulcer disease, which of the following does NOT decrease the resistance of the mucosal barrier? An individual with peptic ulcer disease exhibits hematemesis. What does this probably indicate? What does the term melena mean? Which of the following is NOT a common predisposing factor to gastric carcinoma? Which of the following frequently occurs hours after meals in post-gastrectomy patients? Which term refers to obstruction of the biliary tract by gallstones?
Which of the following is NOT usually present during the icteric stage of viral hepatitis? It is often the first manifestation of hepatitis. Jaundice indicates permanent liver damage. Individuals with hepatitis are always jaundiced. Jaundice usually develops with hepatocellular carcinoma.
Which type s of hepatitis increase s the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma? Which of the following are related to post-hepatic jaundice? Which of the following occurs with hepatitis B? The liver is inflamed and enlarged. Blood clotting delays are apparent at onset. Hepatocytes can not regenerate when virus is present.
Identify a major reason making it difficult to prevent the spread of hepatitis B. A vaccine is not available. The incubation period is too short to track contacts. Infection is often asymptomatic.
Antibodies are not produced. Your body breaks carbs into sugar molecules known as monosaccharides. Mosaccharides are then catabolized to glucose, which enters the bloodstream after it's absorbed, according to the Elmhurst College Virtual Chembook website. Anabolism is the metabolic process in which large molecules are synthesized from simpler molecules. Liver and muscle cells use the simple molecule glucose to form glycogen, a large complex molecule. Glycogen stores glucose molecules and releases them when your blood-sugar levels drop below normal.
This helps to normalize blood-sugar levels, according to the Elmhurst College Virtual Chembook. Although anabolism and catabolism are opposing processes, they take place simultaneously in the production of ATP.
Video of the Day. Products That Increase Metabolism. What Is Anabolic Metabolism? Catabolic to Lose Weight.
Iamges: anabolic processes in the liver
Why does mild hyperbilirubinemia occur in newborns? How does chemical peritonitis and shock frequently result from acute pancreatitis?
What is the initial pathological change in alcoholic liver disease? As a child, youth naturally provides an anabolic dominant metabolism to support the growth requirements necessary for healthy development.
Anabolism and catabolism must be regulated in a way that does not allow the two processes to occur simultaneously. Hirschsprung's disease refers to: Which of the following processes is likely to occur in the body immediately after a meal? Such anabolid steps require a different series of reactions than are used at this point during catabolism. Growth hormone is often used to treat children with growth disorders as well as adult growth hormone deficiency. Dehydration limits compensation available for an acid-base orocesses resulting from prolonged vomiting anabolic processes in the liver diarrhea because: