Definition of 'anabolic steroid'
AAS are frequently produced in pharmaceutical laboratories, but, in nations where stricter laws are present, they are also produced in small home-made underground laboratories, usually from raw substances imported from abroad. Journal of Health Psychology. Menstrual cycle, pregnancy, lactation. The legal status of AAS varies from country to country:
J Int Soc Sports Nutr. References in periodicals archive? The declarative is used to make statements. J Womens Health Larchmt. Rewarding properties of testosterone in intact male mice:
However, long-term use of AAS can eventually have an impact on some of the same brain pathways and chemicals—such as dopamine, serotonin , and opioid systems—that are affected by other drugs of abuse. Considering the combined effect of their complex direct and indirect actions, it is not surprising that AAS can affect mood and behavior in significant ways.
AAS and Mental Health. Preclinical, clinical , and anecdotal reports suggest that steroids may contribute to psychiatric dysfunction. Research shows that abuse of anabolic steroids may lead to aggression and other adverse effects. Animal studies have shown that AAS are reinforcing—that is, animals will self-administer AAS when given the opportunity, just as they do with other addictive drugs.
This property is more difficult to demonstrate in humans, but the potential for AAS abusers to become addicted is consistent with their continued abuse despite physical problems and negative effects on social relations.
Individuals who abuse steroids can experience withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking AAS—these include mood swings, fatigue , restlessness, loss of appetite, insomnia , reduced sex drive, and steroid cravings, all of which may contribute to continued abuse. One of the most dangerous withdrawal symptoms is depression — when persistent, it can sometimes lead to suicide attempts. Research also indicates that some users might turn to other drugs to alleviate some of the negative effects of AAS.
For example, a study of men admitted in to a private treatment center for dependence on heroin or other opioids found that 9. Of these, 86 percent first used opioids to counteract insomnia and irritability resulting from the steroids. Steroid abuse can lead to serious, even irreversible health problems. Some of the most dangerous among these include liver damage; jaundice yellowish pigmentation of skin , tissues, and body fluids ; fluid retention; high blood pressure ; increases in LDL "bad" cholesterol ; and decreases in HDL "good" cholesterol.
Other reported effects include renal failure, severe acne , and trembling. In addition, there are some gender- and age-specific adverse effects: For men—shrinking of the testicles , reduced sperm count, infertility , baldness , development of breasts, increased risk for prostate cancer For women—growth of facial hair, male-pattern baldness, changes in or cessation of the menstrual cycle , enlargement of the clitoris , deepened voice For adolescents—stunted growth due to premature skeletal maturation and accelerated puberty changes; risk of not reaching expected height if AAS is taken before the typical adolescent growth spurt.
What Treatment Options Exist? There has been very little research on treatment for AAS abuse. Current knowledge derives largely from the experiences of a small number of physicians who have worked with patients undergoing steroid withdrawal.
They have learned that, in general, supportive therapy combined with education about possible withdrawal symptoms is sufficient in some cases. Sometimes, medications can be used to restore the balance of the hormonal system after its disruption by steroid abuse.
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Iamges: definition of anabolic steroids
One of a large group of chemical substances classified by a specific carbon structure. Schizophrenia and Mental Health.
Other side-effects can include alterations in the structure of the heart , such as enlargement and thickening of the left ventricle , which impairs its contraction and relaxation , and therefore reducing ejected blood volume. This side-effect is temporary; the size of the testicles usually returns to normal within a few weeks of discontinuing AAS use as normal production of sperm resumes.
To compete for Megan's affection with Will, a talented steroiids player, he starts bodybuilding and becomes addicted to anabolic steroids. What is Crohn's Definition of anabolic steroids Research shows that abuse of anabolic steroids may lead to aggression and ciclo estanozolol oxandrolona primobolan adverse effects. J Womens Health Larchmt. Anabolic steroid - definition of anabolic steroid by The Free Dictionary https: AAS are androstane or estrane steroids. Menstrual cycle, pregnancy, lactation.
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