Performance-enhancing drugs: Know the risks - Mayo Clinic

Are Steroids Worth the Risk?

health risks of anabolic steroids

The dose of illegal anabolic steroids is 10 to times higher than the dose a doctor prescribes for medical problems. The first reports of AAS use occurred following the world weightlifting championships, and the International Olympic Committee their use in Anabolic steroids are powerful hormones. Most side effects can be reversed if the drugs are stopped, but some, such as a deepened voice in women may persist. In those taking doses up to times the medically-appropriate levels, many side effects caused by steroids will occur. AAS use has been linked to a higher risk of heart attack or stroke. What are the benefits and risks of anabolic steroids?

Are Steroids Harmful?

National Institute on Drug Abuse website. Common anabolic steroid medicines include fluoxymesterone such as Halotestin and nandrolone such as Durabolin. High blood pressure , heart attack , or stroke. Anabolic steroids are powerful hormones. Taking anabolic-androgenic steroids to enhance athletic performance, besides being prohibited by most sports organizations, is illegal. Shrinking of the testicles. The legal status of these medications varies from country to country.

But whether you are in favor of these steroids or not, you must be aware of the side effects and dangers associated with them. You may know about the benefits of these drugs but you may have never thought of the side effects that you may face due to them. To start with, as you may know that anabolic steroids belong to the family of drugs and if they are prescribed to you by your physician, they may prove beneficial. They may be used for many health problems but majorly it is used for curing asthma and autoimmune disorders.

If you are using them without prescription and proper supervision, they may cause some serious side effects and dangers to your health. Mostly people use anabolic steroids to gain lean muscle mass and are widely used by athletes and body builders. Before you start taking steroids, you must know that there are two types of anabolic steroids that are available in the market. They are synthetic hormones that are similar to the hormones produced in the body and it mimic the most powerful and common hormone that is testosterone.

Along with it, other type of steroids is steroidal supplements that contain DHEA and androstenedione in it. These steroids have the same effect on your body as testosterone have and helps increase your lean muscle mass. With the use of anabolic steroids, you can either have mild or serious side effects. Some of the minor side effects that one can face are:. While you are using anabolic steroids, along with minor and serious side effects, one can also suffer gender specific side effects.

In men, you can see the following gender specific side effects:. People who are using these anabolic steroids are risking their life. After the use of these drugs there may be chances that they can suffer from:.

And while you are using them, you are not always sure that the side effects that you will face will be minor or major. But still if you want to use these steroids, you can use their alternates that have same benefits but do not contain any side effects. Other so-called "designer" drugs made to evade drug tests include desoxymethyltestosterone Madol and norbolethone Genabol. In the past few years, there has been an increase in the number of steroid doping allegations.

These allegations and subsequent admissions have caused Olympians like Marion Jones to be stripped of their medals. Many big name baseball players have also been implicated. In , Jason Giambi admitted to using steroids in earlier years and apologized to his fans. That same year, Barry Bonds was indicted on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice for allegedly lying to a grand jury about knowingly using steroids.

There's no doubt that anabolic steroid abuse extends far beyond elite sports. According to the Mayo Clinic, about 3 million people in the US use anabolic steroids. The NIDA reports that hundreds of thousands of adults are believed to take steroids at least once a year.

According to its surveys, the percentage of high school seniors who have tried steroids has declined in recent years, but is still over 2 percent. Some people who abuse steroids develop all the classic signs of an addiction. They devote much of their time and energy to getting the drugs, they keep taking them no matter what the consequences, and they suffer withdrawal symptoms if they try to quit. Depression is an especially common side effect of quitting steroids.

According to the NIDA, the depression from steroid withdrawal can last for more than a year if not properly treated. Fortunately, antidepressant medications, especially when combined with behavioral counseling, can help former addicts get through this rough transition. Certainly, the benefits of getting off high-dose steroids that are prescribed for nonmedical reasons more than outweigh the strain of quitting. National Institute on Drug Abuse.

National Survey Results on Drug Use Track star Marion Jones admits steroid use before Olympics. Are they a risk to your health? Are you hoping to gain a competitive edge by taking muscle-building supplements or other performance-enhancing drugs? Learn how these drugs work and how they can affect your health. Most serious athletes will tell you that the competitive drive to win can be fierce.

Besides the satisfaction of personal accomplishment, athletes often pursue dreams of winning a medal for their country or securing a spot on a professional team. In such an environment, the use of performance-enhancing drugs has become increasingly common.

But using performance-enhancing drugs — aka, doping — isn't without risks. Take the time to learn about the potential benefits, the health risks and the many unknowns regarding so-called performance-enhancing drugs such as anabolic steroids, androstenedione, human growth hormone, erythropoietin, diuretics, creatine and stimulants. You may decide that the benefits aren't worth the risks.

Some athletes take a form of steroids — known as anabolic-androgen steroids or just anabolic steroids — to increase their muscle mass and strength.

The main anabolic steroid hormone produced by your body is testosterone. Some athletes take straight testosterone to boost their performance. Frequently, the anabolic steroids that athletes use are synthetic modifications of testosterone.

These hormones have approved medical uses, though improving athletic performance is not one of them. They can be taken as pills, injections or topical treatments. Why are these drugs so appealing to athletes? Besides making muscles bigger, anabolic steroids may help athletes recover from a hard workout more quickly by reducing the muscle damage that occurs during the session.

This enables athletes to work out harder and more frequently without overtraining. In addition, some athletes may like the aggressive feelings they get when they take the drugs.

A particularly dangerous class of anabolic steroids are the so-called designer drugs — synthetic steroids that have been illicitly created to be undetectable by current drug tests.

They are made specifically for athletes and have no approved medical use. Because of this, they haven't been tested or approved by the Food and Drug Administration FDA and represent a particular health threat to athletes. Many athletes take anabolic steroids at doses that are much higher than those prescribed for medical reasons, and most of what is known about the drugs' effects on athletes comes from observing users.

It is impossible for researchers to design studies that would accurately test the effects of large doses of steroids on athletes, because giving participants such high doses would be unethical.

This means that the effects of taking anabolic steroids at very high doses haven't been well-studied. Taking anabolic-androgenic steroids to enhance athletic performance, besides being prohibited by most sports organizations, is illegal.

Iamges: health risks of anabolic steroids

health risks of anabolic steroids

Patellar tendonitis jumper's knee: You might also like More from author. Other steroid users may "pyramid" their steroids, starting with a low dose and gradually increasing the dose, frequency, or number of anabolic steroids taken, then tapering off to complete a cycle.

health risks of anabolic steroids

Biography of Lyle Alzado. Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products. In men, you can see the following gender specific side effects:.

health risks of anabolic steroids

Long-term, non-medical ansbolic are associated with adverse effects, including heart problems and aggression. Can You Overdose on Steroids? Men who take anabolic steroids may: Five people may take them and have no long-term problem. Today, anabolic steroids are often smuggled from overseas or cooked up in makeshift laboratories. Steroids health risks of anabolic steroids become popular because they may improve endurance, strength, and muscle mass. Adults Need to Play Too.