Regulation of Ovarian Steroidogenesis | SpringerLink

Regulation of steroidogenesis in fetal bovine ovaries: differential effects of LH and FSH

regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis

Biology of Reproduction 66 — Modern trends in sex differentiation. Services Email this article to a colleague Alert me when this article is cited Alert me if a correction is posted Similar articles in this journal Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Download to citation manager Request permission. These results support the hypothesis that LH and FSH target different fetal ovarian cells, with different cell types producing androgens and estrogens. Given the similarity of ovarian development and follicular function in humans and cattle Campbell et al. Our results indicate that, despite changes in the ability of FSH and LH to regulate E 2 production in granulosa layers and despite the progressive decrease in the total ovarian production of E 2 , FSH and LH are able to stimulate E 2 production in intact follicles throughout oocyte maturation. Synthesis of radioimmunoassayable LH by suspended pituitary cells derived from turtle Chrysemys picta.

Introduction

Disruption of gestation and egg shelling in deluteinized oviparous whiptail lizards Cnemidophorus uniparens Reptilia: Bibliotheca Anatomica 24 77 — Interestingly, Shemesh suggested revulation androgen substrate becomes limiting to ovarian estradiol production in bovine fetuses older than about 90 days of gestation, which is when the capacity of fetal bovine ovaries to produce estradiol decreases regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis Dominguez et al. Specificity to gonadotropins in the response trimix injection in sferoidogenesis estrogen secretion by fish ovaries. Thus, the response to LH was biphasic for both androstenedione and estradiol, but not for progesterone. In this regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis, factors produced by theca cells could act on granulosa cells, or vice versa, in a paracrine fashion.

Corpus luteum formation and follicular atresia in the common garter snake, Thamnophis sirtalis. Stimulatory effect of a GnRH agonist buserelin in in vitro and in regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis testosterone production by the frog Rana esculenta testis. In this regard, factors produced by theca cells could act on granulosa cells, or vice versa, in a paracrine fashion. Effects of the composition of the medium and of protein and steroid hormones. Maturing 2-yr-old female coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch from a cultured stock Domsea Broodstock, Rochester, WA were maintained in regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis tanks 3 m in diameter in dechlorinated municipal water at the Northwest Fisheries Science Center in Seattle, WA. Oogonial proliferation, oogenesis, and folliculogenesis in nonmammalian vertebrates.

Iamges: regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis

regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis

Biosynthesis of deoxy-corticosterone by the ovary of the yucca night lizard, Xantusia vigilis. Effects of synthetic mammalian gonadotrophin releasing hormone and dogfish hypothalamic extracts on levels of androgens and oestradiol in the circulation of the dogfish Scyliorhinus canicula L. Interestingly, fetal ovarian capacity to produce progesterone and estradiol decreases around the time follicles form in cattle, and these steroids remain low while the first growing follicles appear Dominguez et al. Based on these results, it seems likely that gonadotropins regulate the production of steroids by fetal ovaries in vivo. In particular, the last decade has seen major advances thanks to the isolation and characterization of various compounds and the advent of more sensitive methods for hormone measurement.

regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis

Surprisingly, prior to the completion of maturation peripheral GV stage , FSH and LH inhibited the production of E 2 by granulosa layers isolated from the same donor fish used for the experiments with intact follicles, which suggests the possibility that certain changes have taken place in the mechanisms regulating aromatase activity between migrating and peripheral GV stages. Localization of steroid hormone production in the ovary of Trachurus mediterraneus. The aromatase inhibitor letrozole Sigma-Aldrich was resuspended at 0. The hormonal regulation of the Leydig cell. Localization of two gonadotropin receptors in the salmon gonad by in vitro ligand autoradiography. It is possible that the above-mentioned differences between isolated follicular layers and intact follicles may be related to influences resulting from the intercommunication that could take place between granulosa and theca cells in the intact follicle. Although LH increased estradiol in the absence of exogenous androgen and enhanced the small effect of FSH alone, this can be attributed to aromatization of the increased androgens stimulated by LH, rather than a direct effect on aromatization.

regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis

For regu,ation, Regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis 2 or other factors produced by granulosa layers kortikoidy mast cena be acting on theca layers altering the production of 17OH-P. In particular, the last decade has seen major advances thanks to the isolation and characterization of various compounds and the advent of more sensitive methods for hormone regulatlon. Effects of control medium Contestosterone T; 0. Together, these results indicate that androstenedione is the major androgen produced by fetal bovine ovaries and that estradiol production occurs predominantly through conversion of androstenedione to estrone and subsequent conversion of estrone to estradiol. Unable to display preview. In the present study, the response of isolated follicular layers to the steroidogenic effects of FSH and LH was somewhat different from that of intact ovarian follicles. These results regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis consistent with the two-cell, two-gonadotropin model of estradiol production by bovine preovulatory follicles, which suggests that the regulatjon regulating ovarian steroid production are established during fetal life.